I wonder in this similar way as well. But notice that this is more than Tom Wolfe's single warrior.
It's not really a good parallel because none of those polities allowed their "kids" to play, especially the grown up kids. This I find asounding. There had to have been something in the way they...
As a simple yes: sure.
We actually have a parallel case or 2. We only need look at the computer industries in the former Soviet Union and Japan who placed greater emphasis in the large on their mainframes. Japan barely developed its own mini industry. The Eastern bloc developed it too late.
I contacted Lynn White who gave me Burke's address. I didn't follow up much more than that.
I recommend this paper in a very good special issue:
However, all these works had no direct relation to computer science, and the computer was considered merely a very fast calculator. This was one reason for the rupture between the developers of computer engineering -- who, by their education were typically electricians -- and the mathematicians -- who were working at the "big calculator" and were unable to affect the development of compputer engineering. This atbreastude of a computer as a gigantic calculator was also popular among the developers of computing tools. For this reason, they underestimated the importance of the portability of the software and of computer serial production delivered together with the package of compilers, data Debt Management system, and other utilities. Moreover, the development of peripherals (printers, displays, graph plotters, and reliable input-output devices) was also considerd a minor problem. -- Stanisalv Klimenko Computer Science in Russia: A Personal View v 21 no. 3 July-Sept. 1999 IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
Not back then. Now the West is doing what they did...restricting knowledge distribution. Why do you think I keep harping about the same boring thing? It's to counter this compartmentalization I see...